Sacramento, capital of the U.S. state of California, lies at the confluence of the Sacramento River and American River. The district of Old Sacramento harkens back to the city’s Gold Rush era, with wooden sidewalks and wagon rides.
Sacramento is the fifth biggest city in the Golden State and California’s capital. This ethnically diverse, enviromentally friendly, tree-canopied urban oasis puts the farm in “farm to table” for many restaurants and communities in the United States.
Here are five facts about Sacramento.
1. Sacramento is considered a river town and evolved from the California Gold Rush. While the era of the Gold Rush is gone, the city pays tribute to its history with its many displays in museums, restaurants, and shops. The 28-acre Old Sacramento historic area has nearly 5 million visitors each year.
2. Produce from the farms of Sacramento is shipped all across the United States. The city has the distinction of being home to the largest “Certified Farmers Market” in California. Sacramento itself has nearly 50 farmers markets. The Mediterranean-style climate of the city gives farmers the ability to farm high-yield crops.
3. Sacramento has a population of approximately 470,000 residents and is home to nearly 35,000 businesses. The city is considered culturally diverse in its ethnic makeup.
The city celebrates its cultural diversity with annual festivals such as the Festival de la Familia at Cal Expo. This event is a celebration of nearly two-dozen Latin cultures filled with activities such as piñata making, dance, Tex-Mex music, Latin jazz, and food. Old Sacramento hosts the Pacific Rim Street Fest annually, which celebrates more than 15 Asian and Pacific Islander cultures.
4. Sacramento is considered an environmentally friendly city. The Sacramento Municipal Utility District is working on a long-term plan to cut greenhouse gas emissions. SMUD is known for its renewable energy programs and energy efficiency. By 2030 the city has a goal of obtaining 37 percent of its energy from alternative resources that include biomass, wind, and solar power.
Each year thousands of volunteers work to maintain the city’s landscape of trees, donating the equivalent of a $100,000 in labor to the program.
The city utility program also provides free shade trees to residents annually. Sacramento has earned the distinction of being one of the 10 best urban forests in the United States.
Today, California’s capital city is home to more than 450 varieties of trees and shrubs.